Author: panktel

Analemma Tower-Enormous Skyscraper Hanging From An Asteroid

The quest to cram ever more human beings into ever-decreasing square footage of city real estate continues – with a skyscraper suspended from an asteroid.

A New York architecture firm is proposing a design for the world’s tallest building Analemma Tower, which would hang down from the sky suspended by air cables attached to an asteroid.

“Analemma inverts the traditional diagram of an earth-based foundation, instead depending on a space-based supporting foundation from which the tower is suspended. This system is referred to as the Universal Orbital Support System (UOSS),” Clouds Architecture Office said in a statement.

“By placing a large asteroid into orbit over earth, a high strength cable can be lowered towards the surface of earth from which a super tall tower can be suspended. Since this new tower typology is suspended in the air, it can be constructed anywhere in the world and transported to its final location.”

The proposed Analemma Tower would be suspended by air cables from an asteroid placed in eccentric geosynchronous orbit. Clouds Architecture Office

The proposed Analemma Tower would be suspended by air cables from an asteroid placed in eccentric geosynchronous orbit. Credit: Clouds Architecture Office

This portability would allow the company to construct the tower in the sky over Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, which the company says “has proven to be a specialist in tall building construction at one fifth the cost of New York City construction”. Clouds Architecture Office then plans to move the finished tower to New York.

Of course, living in a building like this would be quirky to say the least.

“Business is conducted at the lower end of the tower, while sleeping quarters are approximately 2/3 of the way up. Devotional activities are scattered along the highest reaches, while surface transfer points take advantage of high topography,” the company explains.

“The size and shape of windows changes with height to account for pressure and temperature differentials. The amount of daylight increases by 40 minutes at the top of the tower due to the curvature of the earth.”

Views out from various heights along the tower calibrated to the 24-hour orbital cycle. The size and shape of windows changes with height to account for pressure and temperature differentials. Credit: Clouds Architecture Office Clouds Architecture Office

Views out from various heights along the tower calibrated to the 24-hour orbital cycle. The size and shape of windows changes with height to account for pressure and temperature differentials. Credit: Clouds Architecture Office

The asteroid that Analemma Tower is connected to would be placed in a geosynchronous orbit that would describe a figure of eight over the Earth. The tower would be moving at its slowest speed at the top and the bottom of the figure eight orbit, allowing its inhabitants to interact with Earthlings at these points.

The slowest part of the entire trajectory would happen over New York and the whole trip would take 24 hours. The loop would also include passes over the south east coast of the US, Cuba, Ecuador and Peru.

The company believes the tower would more than recoup the astronomical costs for construction, given that it “taps into the desire for extreme height, seclusion and constant mobility”. Even the less-than-ideal conditions at the top of the tower might be appealing to a certain demographic.

“While researching atmospheric conditions for this project, we realized that there is probably a tangible height limit beyond which people would not tolerate living due to the extreme conditions. For example, while there may be a benefit to having 45 extra minutes of daylight at an elevation of 32,000 meters, the near vacuum and -40C temperature would prevent people from going outside without a protective suit,” the firm said.

“Then again, astronauts have continually occupied the space station for decades, so perhaps it’s not so bad?”

How A 28-Year-Old Who Retired With A $2 Million Net Worth Is Investing In 2017

In 2016, JP Livingston celebrated her 28th birthday. She also retired. Last month, I spoke with her about how she was able to retire, despite the fact that she only graduated from college about seven years ago. JP (a pen name she goes by on her blog, TheMoneyHabit.org) was able to retire because of her high earnings, lofty savings goals and disciplined investment techniques. Her investment strategies are part of what allowed her to build a net worth of about $2.25 million.

With less than a week left in the year, so many of us are setting goals for the new year, which includes figuring out an investment plan for 2017. Deciding on investment strategies or goals can help us figure out what we want our long-term financial picture to look like, and shape our budget for the coming year. When laying out an investing plan, who better to learn from than a woman whose investments boast high returns, and who retired before 30? In our Q&A, JP discusses her personal 2017 investment plan, and provides useful insights for investors looking to build their nest egg more aggressively. This interview has been edited for brevity.

woman-retired

Image via Pexels

Maya Kachroo-Levine: You’ve had investments of over $1 million yield a 13% return ($130,000) in just one year. Can you speak to your investment strategy that year, and can you walk us through your 2016 investment strategy?

JP Livingston: My investment strategy for several years has been a twist on a broadly discussed strategy to go long on equities.

Many financial experts (those who aren’t compensated for getting you to invest a certain way) will tell you that if you are young and in the wealth accumulation phase of your life, to consider parking your money in a low-cost index fund, for example, Vanguard’s Total Stock Market Index Fund (VTSAX).

There are a few key arguments for this strategy. First, it’s a nice hedge against inflation because the companies in the index are presumably raising their prices with inflation; since companies are valued on a multiple of revenue or profit, this will be captured in the growth of the stock market.

Secondly, and most importantly, is that it’s hard to argue with its results. The compound annual growth rate for stocks on the S&P Index for the last 30 years has been 11%. There are very few if any opportunities available to us regular individual investors that can top that kind of return for the risk. (Note: you’ll get an entirely different view from hedge funds or mutual funds. They believe they can beat market returns and so they charge high fees for their time and efforts. A few of them are worth it. Most of them are not).

Kachroo-Levine: What are you planning on changing about your strategy in 2017?

Livingston: As a retiree, steady cash flow is going to matter more to me than it has in the past. There are only two ways to make money: appreciation and income. Stocks, for example, are about appreciation—you make very little money on a regular basis (usually a puny 1%-2% in dividends), but a year or two or three later, you can sell it for much more than you paid and pocket the difference. A heavily appreciation-based strategy, like going 100% into index funds, will no longer meet my needs.

Income-based strategies, by contrast, put a steady paycheck in the spotlight. Bonds are generally purchased for the interest they provide. Sure they can appreciate or depreciate in value, but the bulk of your return from a bond comes from the monthly or quarterly dividend it pays.

Overbooked Flight – What You Should Know

The dreaded overbooked flight is never any fun. Having been on the end as an airline passenger and as a ticket agent working a gate believe me it’s an ugly scene for both. So lets start with the basics.

What does it mean when a flight is overbooked? This means that just like it sounds the airline has sold more tickets than they actually have seats on an aircraft. So let’s say there are 100 seats on a plane but a 110 seats sold what now? That’s when you hear that gate agent asking for volunteers. What they are doing is asking for people willing to travel at a later time for an additional incentive. This incentive is usually in the form of a credit or discount on your next ticket. Sometimes it will include meals and hotel stays also if they cannot get you out that same night.

 

pia

Why are airlines even allowed to over book flights? Well, truth is this practice is legal. And the corporate response I usually had to give passenger went something like this. “Airlines are allowed to oversale flights due to the historic statistical data that calculates the number of no shows they annually see on that particular routing.”

So what happens if no one volunteers? Well if no one volunteers its time to get nervous cause the gate now has to deny boarding the plane to some passengers. Always look to see if you have a seat assignment cause frequently no seat assignment means no seat. Pay attention to the gate agents instructions you may here him or her calling individuals up or making additional offers or asking you to step aside when you present your boarding pass to be scanned.

 

How much am I owed if I am involuntarily denied boarding? Well traveling within the U.S. you fall under the DOT mandated compensation guidelines. And they go as follows. If you are denied boarding you are due 200% of the sum of the values of the remaining flight coupons up to the passengers next stop over. With a $400 maximum unless the rebooked flight is within 2 hours and then its a maximum of $200.

Should I take cash or a voucher? It’s really up to you. Now many times the airlines only mention the vouchers which are usually in larger denominations than their strictly guided cousin cash.  What do I mean by this. Well many times you will hear an announcement offering $400 voucher/credit to volunteer for someone on a $150 ticket. That’s over doubling their value but that also means should this person choose the cash option they are looking at a far smaller amount of compensation. let’s look at the math.  200% of $75 is only $150 which for some may be great cause they essentially got a free ticket. For someone with a more highly priced ticket that $400 voucher may be nothing and the cash value for that segment may also not be worth it. At the end of the day you have to figure out what would work best for you.

The absolute last thing you should know about overbooked flight is if you are denied boarding read through the documentation before you leave the gate area. Make sure you have everything you need and are clear on what the next steps are in order to get or use your compensation. Most airlines give you the voucher or check at the gate so there are no additional steps to take. Hold onto everything so when it comes time to use your voucher there are no issues. Understand how long your voucher is good for cause majority if not all have some sort of expiration date.

In conclusion yes airlines are allowed to over book flights. You as the passenger have rights and compensation minimums under DOT regulations when traveling within the US. If you are denied boarding be sure to double-check that you received everything you need whether it be a check or credit voucher and of course your new itinerary. Overbooking is an ugly part of the travel industry and many may go thru life never experiencing it but for those that do hopefully this article has you more informed about what to expect.

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London’s sky pool- swim in the air

You’ve seen infinity pools that add a touch of Palm Beach-chic to luxury condos and five-star resorts. Now comes the “Sky Pool,” an outdoor swimming pool dangling 10 stories above London.

Swimmers will be able to look through the transparent pool — which will be 82 feet long, 16 feet wide and 10 feet deep — at the bustling city life on the streets below.

A “sky deck” will include a bar, a spa and bird’s eye views of the Houses of Parliament and the London Eye, the city’s giant landmark Ferris wheel.sky2

Developers in London are building what they claim is the world’s first “sky pool” — a 25-meter-long swimming pool suspended 10 stories in the air between two blocks of luxury flats. The transparent pool at Embassy Gardens will be three meters deep with a water depth of 1.2 meters, and will be constructed with the help of aquarium designers using 20-cm-thick glass. The pool will allow residents to swim between the development’s roof-top bar, spa, and orangery (a walkway will be available as well), with prices for apartments and penthouses in the complex starting at £602,000 ($942,572).

 

sky1

Although the sky pool is certainly architecturally striking, the project can also be seen as symbolic of London’s housing problems, with developers in the city often promising to build affordable homes in central areas only to focus on luxury apartments instead. Embassy Gardens itself is part of the larger Nine Elms development in southwest London, which is intended to regenerate the inner-city district of Battersea. Instead, say critics, homes in the $23 billion development are being marketed primarily to wealthy buyers in Asia and the Middle East, with locals simply priced out of the market.

 

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Gold medals at Rio 2016 are actually 98.8% silver

If you’ve been watching the Olympics, you might have assumed that the medals given out are, as advertised, made of gold, silver, and bronze. Due to metal values, however, the reality is slightly more complicated. Giving out pure gold medals would be financially crippling for the International Olympic Committee, so unsurprisingly some compromises are involved. This graphic looks at the different metals used.Rio-Olympic-Medal-Compositions

Gold Medals

Gold medals at the Olympics haven’t actually been 100% gold since the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm. Since then, they’ve actually been mainly made of silver, with a gold plating on top to give them the expected appearance. At the Rio Olympics, the medals are composed of 98.8% silver (with a purity of 92.5%), with the gold plating (of 99.9% purity) making up just 1.2% (6 grams) of the 500 gram medal. The gold content is notable in that it is entirely free of mercury impurities.

Compositions are variable at different Olympics; for example, at the London 2012 Olympics the gold medals consisted of gold (1%), silver (92%) and copper (7%). The value of the Rio Olympics gold medal, based on its metal composition, is approximately $565. Contrast this with their value if they were composed of pure gold: their current market value would be $21,200!

Silver Medals

The silver medals at the Rio Olympics are actually as advertised; impurities aside, they’re composed entirely of silver (with a 92.5% purity). This differs from the London 2012 Olympics, where the silver medals were 93% silver and 7% copper. Around 30% of the silver used in the Rio medals is obtained from recycled sources, including X-ray plates, car parts, and mirrors. The value of the silver medal based on the metal content is approximately $315.

Bronze Medals

According to the Brazilian Mint, who produced the medals for the Rio games, the bronze medals are composed of 95% copper (of 93.7% purity) and 5% zinc. At the London 2012 games, the composition was slightly different, at 97% copper, 2.5% zinc, and 0.5% tin. For the Rio medals, around 40% of the copper was sourced from recycled materials at the mint itself, using waste copper from their usual coin-minting processes. In terms of monetary value, the bronze medals are worth much less than both the gold and silver medals, coming in at just $2.38 using current market values.

London’s first food-in-nude restaurant, 46000 people were in waiting list !

It’s like going to any other restaurant advertising “natural ingredients:” A menu that offers mostly raw foods such as vegetables, fruits, flowers, smoked meat, and fish, with an added pièce de resistance – patrons eating in the buff.

Naked restaurants, or “foodies for nudies” as many call them, are becoming a trend, and a number have been opening with great success in, among other cities, London, Milan, Tokyo, Melbourne and, soon, Paris.

The Bunyadi

Patrons enjoying their unusual experience at The Bunyadi

Dining “au naturel” reached a whole new level this summer when, for the opening in June of London’s first ‘food-in-the-nude’ restaurant, The Bunyadi, more than 46,000 aspiring patrons rushed their names on to the waiting list, according to its website.

The restaurant, installed temporarily in a former pub south of the city and conforming with another popular European trend of pop-up, unexpected eateries, will close soon after three months and has announced plans to open a new one in Paris in September or October.

The Bunyadi

A dish fit for a nude diner at The Bunyadi

“Enter a secret Pangea-like world, free from phones, electric lights and even clothing (optional) and revisit the beginning where everything was fresh, free and unadulterated from the trappings of modern life,” it offers. And if you’re going to believe the reviews on its Facebook site, the concept has been very well received.

Newspaper critics also seem to like it: “I checked out London’s naked restaurant and now I’m converted to eating in the nude,” wrote The Independent’s reviewer. “The excitement in the air matched the buzz” agreed Time Out.

In her tongue-in-cheek review for the Telegraph, “I had lunch at Britains’s first naked restaurant,” Hannah Betts describes her trepidation and doubts before making it into the restaurant with her boyfriend to conclude that “after 90 minutes chomping and sweating, we emerge into the blinding late afternoon light feeling faint and startled. Eyeing the Chicken Cottage across the street, my boyfriend sighs: “Can we just go and eat?”

Melbourne

In Melbourne, diners were invited to celebrate the freedom of their naked dining experience.

With capacity for 42 people who arrive fully clothed and are provided with lockers and white robes to change into as they sip cocktails, the restaurant charges £60 per person for a “naked menu” served by “minimally clothed” waiting staff at tables separated for privacy with bamboo partitions, by candlelight.

The Bunyadi, with its tens of thousands of hopeful patrons, has made its mark and is counting on its London success as a preamble to the upcoming Parisian venture.

“It’s going to be the same in Paris as it has been in London, back to the start, no mobile phones, all natural, candles, and raw, organic food,” the restaurant’s events planner told The Local. “We think the French would pretty much love this; there are a lot of naturists there.”

The Bunyadi is a project of the Lollipop company, a pop-up group that caters unusual events throughout London. Pop-up food and other pop-up stores and businesses have been around for years but now are taking on new meaning as young entrepreneurs drive them in unexpected directions. The quick-hit Bunyadi, with its optional clothing, banned cell phones and appeal to diners to come for a “natural,” “pure” and “liberating” experience is setting an example.

Milan

Candlelight, no cell phones and nude conversation at Milan’s L’Italo Americano

Milan also was in the news for its own “food in the nude” experience this summer at L’Italo Americano which, according to reports in local newspapers, started last month offering a weekly “meeting for naturists” on Fridays. Due to the stir caused by the news, the restaurant’s manager explained that “it has nothing to do with sex, swingers or anything like that.”

Like its London counterpart, this one offers dining by candlelight, no phones allowed at the tables and adds dancing for €50 for members of the Italian Naturist Association and €100 for non-members.

The naked eating experience at L’Italo Americano has been lauded as another sign of the rise of nudism in Italy. The newspaper Il Giorno wrote recently that “the evenings dedicated to nudists at the restaurant in Cerro Maggiore has contributed to the emergence of a trend that is getting more and more obvious. A recent survey of this reality, in fact, revealed that 44% of Italians are considering taking a vacation at a nudist beach, 58% of Italian men are prepared to sunbathe nude as are 33% of women.”

In Japan, the opening of Tokyo’s Amrita restaurant, also a pop-up planned for this month, caused a stir of another kind when it announced some discriminatory entrance conditions: patrons from ages 18 to 60, nobody overweight – and no tattoos.

The restaurant had also announced that patrons will be required to wear paper underwear, that  entertainment was going to be provided by male waitresses clad in G-strings and that male models will offer a dance performance.

For one critic, the experience promises to be “the strangest and most awkward dinner party of all times.” In any event, the controversy that resulted convinced the restaurant to reverse most of its entrance criteria, opening to anyone from 20 to 120…and those overweight are invited to join the feast.

20 things to think about when visiting Thailand

Here are 20 things to think about when visiting Thailand

1. Bring a cell phone “unblocked” and buy a Thai SIM card for it on arrival, they’re cheap (apprx. 50 baht) and include some credit already on them – e.g. – International calls to Oz/UK are about 5 – 8baht per min…Phones are cheap too – and unblocked

2. Money – Bring ATM and/or credit cards. – check fees and tell your bank your are going abroad. – Take Travellers cheques only as back-up. Bring very little cash (Baht) – you tend to get a better rate of exchange here than any home country. You can change money on arriving at the airport…(keep some cash in reserve in case of flight Miss-Grand-Thailanddelays/diversions etc)

3. Booking – there is usually no need to book rooms before you come as there is plenty of cheap accommodation. Exceptions would be in high season if you want a particular place and maybe for your first one or two nights just to get orientated.

4. Bring very few clothes – they are cheap here and you’ll only bring stuff that is too warm anyway.

5. Very little luggage – this makes you more mobile if you need to be and less vulnerable to taxi touts and undesirable men….Before you go home you can buy any extra luggage (cheap) to take souvenirs etc.

6. Internet access is everywhere – even on the beach… you can get all your photos copied to pendrive – If you have a lap-top you can connect it (broadband even wi-fi) at most cafes.

7. Food – Thai food is very unlikely to give you food poisoning but can contain more chillies than you ever thought possible….Street food is usually safe (and delicious!), check for numbers of customers and general looks of the stall. Western (“farang”) food is much more likely to give you food poisoning – fridges are not part of Thai cooking lore yet…beware of Western Fast Food outlets and hotel buffets – food that has been out for over an hour or so. Thailand is not used to fridges/chill-serve etc.

8. Always carry a pack of tissues – they don’t supply free tissues (if there is a vending machine at all!) – learn to use a “bum-gun” !!

9. Drink bottled water – not tap water. Even consider not brushing your teeth with tap water. Ice is usually safe in drinks and for anything else.thailand

10. Use common safety sense – it is easy to relax too much here…when it comes to petty crime the rate is certainly lower than in places like the US/Europe etc…but every country has its share of con-men and psychopaths…..beware of fellow travellers!

11. Don’t be afraid to go to Pattaya – it is the sex capital of Thailand but they don’t jump out at single women and couples and it has good, cheap hotels, shopping and food. Not a bad place to start off for Koh Chang, Koh Samet or Cambodia.

 

cabbages-and-condoms12. Bring an international driving licence – although most national ones are accepted by motorbike and car hire companies and anyone else who wants to hire you something….you may not be insured without an IDL! In Thailand they drive on the left – cars are Right-hand-drive. However driving is really only for the experienced. Be especially careful on a motorbike – Samui has the highest accident rate in Thailand.It is not recommended to hire bike as if you met any accident your holiday will be ruined.You will have to pay for bike’s damage and third party’s medical bill as well as yours.No matter whose mistake caused accident.You will be held responsible.

13. Public transport is cheap- Planes, Trains, Buses, Minibuses, Taxis, from town to town. If you’re in a minibus or taxi, tell the driver you’ll tip him if he keeps the speed below 90/100 kmph! National speed limit is 90kph (120 on motorways)

14. Around Bkk try to use meter taxis with the meter on...it’ll be cheaper than the tuk-tuks. Take a tuk-tuk once for the experience then use meter taxis. Don’t let the drivers take you out of your way…they’ll try to take you to some (relative’s) store where they get commission.

15. Medical – Check out a few “jabs & medications” – Hep “A” & “B” require a long course before leaving and are a pretty good idea – don’t bother with the malaria ones – too heavy! You can get tetanus or rabies here if you’re bitten by a dog – it’s cheap. Most medicines (including antibiotics) can be bought over the counter without prescription and are cheap. A pharmacist will give you what he considers right for your symptoms but you can just as easily see a doctor at a local clinic for a couple of hundred baht. They usually speak a little English.

16. Check up on Thai manners and customs – this will earn you more respect from the locals. – Keep up some dress sense – how you dress in Thailand is quite important. Don’t go topless without checking out if it’s acceptable where you are – usually it’s frowned upon. You’ll notice that Thai women (even sex workers) are very modest in public –they usually swim fully clothed. Table manners – Thais tend to eat from communal dishes in the centre of the table – don’t pour everything onto your own plate!

17. Don’t knock the Royal family – even in jest.

18. Body language – Don’t point your feet at people – the body is seen as hierarchical and the feet are the lowest part and should not be waved about (this is like a “fingers up” sign. Before entering someone’s home you must take off your shoes; this also applies to some shops and businesses. – Never take a shoe off and wave it at someone – this could lead to violence.
On the other hand it is impolite to touch people on the head.

19. It’s not necessary to “Wai” people – the Thai greeting – as you’ll probably get it wrong. If they Wai you, you might try a wai back.

20. Remember, this is the Land of Smiles and you will find everything goes much better when you have a smile on your face – whatever the situation….

NB – In the current climate of political unrest the wearing of yellow or red shirts in some circumstances could be construed as showing support for either of the main political factions. – consulate your own embassy for latest advice on visiting Thailand

Iran- Marriage that lasts for few minutes

In an unusual tradition, in Iran you can specify the length of your marriage, from a few minutes to 99 years. It is a way for single men and women, divorced Iranians and precocious teens to date—and even have sex—in a way that is acceptable in Shiite Islam. Under Iranian law, unmarried couples who have sex or even date and hold hands can be arrested, fined or even flogged.

So how does a temporary marriage work?

For each union, the groom must pay a predetermined sum to his short-term wife. The duration is set out in the marriage contract, almost like an apartment lease. Both the duration of the marriage and the dowry must be agreed upon in a private contract in advance. The marriage can last just a few hours or several years. When the time is up, a woman must wait two menstrual periods before marrying again. The bride-to-be cannot be currently wed to another man. She also must be Muslim, or at least monotheistic.

Mohsen is looking for his temporary wife on a new site called Hafezoon. Male users can sort through potential partners by “veil status,” or the degree to which women cover their faces and bodies in public. Users can also filter choices by character, socioeconomic status, financial stability, beauty or other criteria. Both sexes can search for their Iranian ethnicity of choice: Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab or Turkmen. They can also search by car price, as one’s car is among the most important status symbols in the country.

Which is why Mohsen mentions his vehicle in his profile. “I’m only looking for a companion and would be open to move from temporary marriage to permanent marriage if all goes well,” he writes. “I don’t spend too much, but I’m also not cheap. I’m not religious, but I think people should be responsible for their behavior. …I listen to music and cook occasionally! I like independence. I spend most of my time on the Internet or watching TV.” Mohsen doesn’t drink, but he’s OK if others do.

(Mohsen)

Leila is a widow with two children, the oldest of whom is 20. She’s on Hafezoon because she’s searching for financial security. She currently lives with her family in northwest Isfahan. She’s a Shiite Muslim, and like Mohsen, she’s fine with smoking and drinking. She doesn’t wear her veil often and has no car or income, but she’s healthy.

(Leila)

“I want a dowry of 400 and someone my age or older, this is very important for me.”

Fearing social stigma, many women opt not to use their photos. Hafezoon lets them search for a mate anonymously.

While a site like Hafezoon may seem unusual for a conservative nation like Iran, in some ways it’s consistent: Signing up requires gender selection, and once a profile is either male or female, access to same-sex members is restricted.

According to the Hafezoon’s Facebook page, the site currently has more than 100,000 users. Of these, only 11,000 are female. The Facebook page is used by many in much the same way as the site itself, though they don’t have to go create a profile. Some women are particularly mercenary about the arrangement. In one post, a woman simply set her dowry at $40,000, a huge sum in Iran, and posted her number for any suitor who could match that price.

In one post, a woman asks how everyone is doing, and in response receives multiple phone numbers from men.

Sunni and Shiite Muslims have long had differences—and temporary marriage is among them. From the Shiite point of view, temporary marriage was practiced before the advent of Islam and was accepted by the Prophet Muhammad. The Sunni orthodoxy, however, quickly abolished it, accusing Shiite Muslims of encouraging prostitution under the pretense of marriage.

Only Shiite communities today practice temporary marriages, mainly in Iran and occasionally in Iraq. Originally, temporary marriage in Iran was geared toward widows. It would allow them to remarry, often with a wealthier man who could care for them. In fact, the most common type of temporary marriage occurs between a wealthier man and a poorer widow or divorcee.

Although frowned upon by society, temporary marriage has survived centuries of scrutiny. Islamic legal scholars source the practice to the sayings in the Hadith and the Quran.

It’s not for everyone, though. A large and growing number of Iranians are meeting and dating through Facebook and Instagram, and are rejecting the more conservative rules of the state. Competing with temporary marriage is Western-style dating, and even cohabitation, though any couple that makes this choice is taking a legal risk.

 

 

20 Tips before you travel abroad

If this is your first time traveling abroad, or maybe you just need a refresher here’s a list of 20 tips you should do or bring before your trip.

Security & Health

1. Check-in with your doctor and insurance carrier. Double check and make sure that you have all of the proper vaccinations and that you have renewed all essential prescriptions. Also, ask you medical insurance provider if your policy applies overseas for emergencies. If it doesn’t, and you want to add extra coverage, consider supplemental insurance.

2. Bring copies of your passport. If your passport gets stolen or lost you want to be sure that you can still get back into the country, or be able to prove your citizenship.

3. Leave a copy of your passport. For extra backup, leave a copy of your passport at home or with someone you trust. Consider making an electronic copy you can store in your email account as well.

4. Register with your embassy. If there’s a problem in the country, this will make it easier for your government to contact you and get you to safety.

Money

5. Look up the monetary conversion before you go. Finding out that one Danish Krone is equal to just 19 cents … bad surprise. Make sure you do your math before you travel to get a sense of where the conversion rate is at.

6. Make sure your credit card will work in the country you’re visiting. European banks have switched almost completely to the more secure chip-and-PIN technology, and fewer businesses abroad are accepting the outdated magnetic-strip cards.

7. Go to a bank or ATM in the country you’re visiting. The conversion centers in the airport or around the city tend to be huge rip-offs. You won’t get charged as many fees at the ATM or the bank, and the conversion will be exact.

8. Always have local cash. Not every place takes credit cards. Especially important places like trains or buses.

9. Call your bank or credit card provider. Sometimes banks think that fraud may be occurring if transactions are suddenly happening in Bali when you’re from Jersey, and they will turn off your card as a security measure.

10. Check the country’s entrance/exit fees. Some countries require travelers to pay in order to enter or leave the country. These fees are not included in the price of your airline ticket, and can range from $25 to $200.

Local Research

11. Buy tickets now for places you know you want to visit or see. By buying in advance you’ll be able to skip more lines, and find more deals targeted toward you.

12. Get guidebooks. Guidebooks usually include maps, key words or phrases, and give you enough detail on certain sites that you won’t need to purchase the pamphlet at the venue. And download apps before you travel. Avoid downloading charges from your wireless carrier and get your apps before you leave.

13. Research events going on while you’re there. This will help you make sure that you’re not missing the best events going on in the city — fun things like festivals, ceremonies and natural events. Also be sure to research as a few national dishes to try. You don’t want to leave the country without experiencing what its known for.

Electronics

14. Bring a charger adapter. Countries have different size plugs and voltage. So if you want to use your iPod, make sure you can charge it.

15. Check the voltage of your electronics. From my own experience I know that nothing is worse than having an adapter and still not being able to use a blow-dryer or a straightener because the voltage isn’t high enough for that country.

16. Activate your phone’s global capabilities or Use Voip to save. There’s usually a charge for doing this, but it is much less if you use Voip like panktel

17. Compare flights and Hotels. The ShowMyfares can help you find great deals in flight and hotels comparing many sites.

Luggage & packing

18. Pack an extra set of clothes in your carry-on bag. Don’t be one of those travelers decked out in J’adore Paris apparel because the airline lost your luggage and you have nothing else to wear.

19. To check a bag or not to check bag. Each airline has its own set of guidelines as to how many bags can be checked or carried on for free. Make sure to look up what your airline’s rules are to avoid any incremental fees.

20. Bring snacks. Traveling abroad is fun, but eating in a foreign country can sometimes become a task. Bring small snacks that will tide you over until you find that perfect restaurant or food cart.

What is VOIP

VoIP (voice over IP) is an IP telephony term for a set of facilities used to manage the delivery of voice information over the Internet.VoIP involves sending voice information in digital form in discrete packets rather than by using the traditional circuit-committed protocols of the public switched telephone network (PSTN). A major advantage of VoIP and Internet telephony is that it avoids the tolls charged by ordinary telephone service.

 
VoIP derives from the VoIP Forum, an effort by major equipment providers, including Cisco, VocalTec, 3Com, and Netspeak to promote the use of ITU-T H.323, the standard for sending voice (audio) and video using IP on the public Internet and within an intranet. The Forum also promotes the user of directory service standards so that users can locate other users and the use of touch-tone signals for automatic call distribution and voice mail.

In addition to IP, VoIP uses the real-time protocol (RTP) to help ensure that packets get delivered in a timely way. Using public networks, it is currently difficult to guarantee Quality of Service (QoS). Better service is possible with private networks managed by an enterprise or by an Internet telephony service provider (ITSP).

Using VoIP, an enterprise positions a “VoIP device” at a gateway. The gateway receives packetized voice transmissions from users within the company and then routes them to other parts of its intranet (local area or wide area network) or, using a T-carrier system or E-carrier interface, sends them over the public switched telephone network.